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TMJ/TMD Treatment


Model skull with TMJ disorder at dentist office in Guelph, ON. Your mouth has several responsibilities. To perform these responsibilities, your mouth relies on numerous moving parts. One of these important components is where the mandible meets the skull. Called the temporomandibular joint, or TMJ, this part of your mouth is responsible for the movements of your jaw. It allows you to open and close your mouth, eat, speak, and move your jaw from side to side. Any irritation to the joint can quickly lead to inflammation and serious pain. At Bisson Dentistry we can diagnose TMJ disorder and provide you with the treatment you need to restore your quality of life.

What is TMJ disorder?


TMJ disorder, also referred to as TMD, is a broad term that covers a variety of different issues that affect the condition of your temporomandibular joint as well as your jaw. These issues often irritate the joint, which then leads to inflammation and severe pain, making even minor movements excruciating. As a result, your oral, and even your overall, health can suffer. Because there are numerous issues that can lead to TMJ disorder, there are a variety of different symptoms.
•  Severe TMJ or jaw pain.
•  Difficulty, and pain, eating.
•  Trouble speaking properly.
•  Experiencing lockjaw, a condition in which your jaw gets stuck open or closed and temporarily cannot move.
•  Hearing or feeling clicking, popping or grinding when moving your mouth.
•  Chronic headaches or earaches.

What causes TMJ disorder?


There is no one specific cause of TMJ disorder. There are several issues that can lead to the irritation of the joint, which can make pinpointing the exact cause difficult. Causes of TMJ disorder include:
•  Facial trauma. Facial trauma covers injuries to the face, which can occur as a result of events such as a fall, a car accident, or a sports-related accident.
•  Whiplash. In the event of whiplash, common during car accidents, the jaw may temporarily, even for only a few seconds, become dislocated.
•  Bruxism. Commonly caused by stress, this is a condition in which you grind and clench your teeth, putting additional stress on, and tiring, the jaw and the TMJ.
•  Arthritis. TMJ disorder can result from osteoarthritis, a condition in which joint cartilage deteriorates, or rheumatoid arthritis, a condition in which joints become inflamed.
•  Alignment issues with your teeth or jaw.

Diagnosing TMJ Disorder


Before providing TMJ treatment, we first need to diagnose the exact cause of your discomfort. This will allow us to provide you with the most effective treatment possible. Diagnosing TMJ disorder involves a thorough oral exam. We check the condition of your teeth and their alignment, as well as the alignment of your jaw. We also take digital images of your mouth, which will provide us with an in-depth look at the hidden structures of your mouth. With a complete picture of your entire mouth, we are better able to pinpoint the cause of TMJ disorder and formulate your treatment plan.

What TMJ treatments are available?


There are numerous treatments for TMJ disorder. The treatment options we provide for you will depend heavily upon the cause of your pain.
•  Prescription pain medication. For some, stronger pain medication can help alleviate discomfort.
•  Nightguards. A nightguard is a type of mouthguard that is worn while you sleep. It is often prescribed in instances of bruxism. The nightguard works to hold your jaw in proper alignment and also cushions the impact when you clench, avoiding the pressures on your joint and jaw.
•  Botox. While commonly associated with cosmetic treatments, Botox can also be used to treat bruxism. Strategically injected, Botox weakens the muscles, prohibiting them from causing you to clench and grind.
•  Orthodontics. Poor alignment of the teeth or jaws can often alleviate pain in the TMJ and the jaw.
•  Oral surgery. If you have severe alignment issues, or no other TMJ treatments have proven effective, oral surgery may be needed. It is usually reserved as a last option.

Treating your TMJ disorder can relieve your joint pain and give you your life back. Call Bisson Dentistry for more information and to schedule your consultation today at (226) 299-0713.
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199 Woolwich Street,
Guelph, ON N1H 3V4
(226) 299-0713

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