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Gum Disease


Diagram of a tooth in a mouth with gum disease from dentist office in Guelph, ON.Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition characterized by the bacterial infection of the gums. If not treated, the infection spreads to the jawbone, where it can cause bone damage and ultimately, result in tooth loss. Gum disease can also cause inflammation of the gum tissue, toothache, swelling, and other side effects that can be painful and uncomfortable. Treating gum disease is thus important, which is why we, at Bisson Dentistry are committed to offering you various dental solutions for treating the condition.

What Causes Gum Disease?


Before discussing treatment options, it is important to understand what exactly causes gum disease. The illness occurs as a result of infection caused by the growth of oral bacteria. These bacteria are found in the dental plaque, a colorless, sticky film that forms on the teeth.

When the plaque is left on the teeth - due to poor oral hygiene - it allows the oral bacteria to interact with food particles, producing toxins. These toxins start to break down the gum tissue, causing them damage. The tissue can also be damaged due to the immune system response to these toxins.

Aside from poor oral hygiene, gum disease can also be triggered by other factors such as

•  Hormonal changes that increase the vulnerability of gums to a bacterial infection
•  General health diseases and conditions that weaken the immune system, making the gums vulnerable to infections
•  Smoking, which can cause the gums not to heal properly if injured, thus making them vulnerable to infections
•  An oral bacterial infection that has spread from another part of the oral cavity

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease


Gum disease if spotted during its onset can be easily treated, thus saving your gums, jawbone, and teeth from severe damage. Below are some of the early warning signs of gum disease

•  Bleeding of the gums during brushing and after brushing of teeth
•  Redness and swelling (inflammation) of gums.
•  Constant bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
•  Loose teeth
•  Receding gum line and formation of pockets between the gums and the teeth

Treatment Options for Gum Disease


There are several treatment options that can be used to treat gum disease. The choice of treatment is dependent on your specific dental condition and requirements. More often than not, a combination of treatments is used. Below is a look at some of these treatments

•  Professional dental cleaning to get rid of any built-up plaque and tartar. This helps to stop the spread of the disease while preventing further damage to the gums
•  Pocket reduction to get rid of the pockets where dental plaque, tartar, and food particles can collect
•  Bone grafting. A procedure that involves using fragments of bone, real or synthetic, to replace the bone damaged by periodontitis. The grafts serve as a foundation for the growth of new bone and restoration of tooth stability.
•  Tissue regeneration through grafting to stimulate the growth of new gum tissue to replace the one that has been damaged.

Bisson Dentistry offers you a wide range of dental solutions that help to treat gum disease and repair the damage caused to your dental features. Call us today at (226) 299-0713 with any questions you might have about gum disease treatment options.
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Tuesday
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Wednesday
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Thursday
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Friday
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Sunday
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199 Woolwich Street,
Guelph, ON N1H 3V4
(226) 299-0713

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